Problems with urination: Which diseases are behind it?
The urinary system is a single functional biological unit. It includes the kidneys, the elimination organs that remove metabolic waste products from the body – i.e., produce urine – and regulate the essential water and electrolyte balance at the same time. New urine that is produced in the renal corpuscles (medical: nephrons) collects in the renal bed and flows to the bladder via the ureter. The bladder is used for storage. Once it is filled with a certain amount, the "urge to urinate" is signalled, which leads to excretion of the urine through the urethra. This mechanism of urine excretion (medical: miction) is a controlled and automatic process in healthy people. Physiological urine is practically germ-free, slightly acidic to neutral, and transports the excretory products in solubilised form. If these finely tuned conditions change, urological symptoms result that can appear in acute or asymptomatic (latent) forms. External factors can also be responsible, such as pathogens that have entered the urethra and trigger acute inflammation, or other factors, such as changes in metabolic activities or prostate growth.
Many of the observed symptoms are due to disorders in the natural urine flow or urination that doctors often diagnose as urinary tract infections or bladder infections (caused by infections or non-infectious conditions), dysuric complaints (uncomfortable or painful urination), or pain caused by benign prostate enlargement. Urinary stones are another very common cause of the disease process (medical: urolithiasis). Many urologists therefore classify urinary stones as a widespread disease. Hyperacidification of the urine plays a central control in their formation. It results from an oversaturation of the minerals (electrolytes) that are normally solubilised in the urine. Often stones form slowly and unnoticed when small crystals ("gravel") first form that can gradually grow to become larger stones.
Treatment of urinary problems with medication
The specialist term "urologics" describes a group of diverse medicines that have one thing in common. They are used to treat "urologic" diseases and pain, i.e., in the broadest sense disorders of the urinary system.
If you are a patient or interested, you can find German information about symptoms and causes of bladder Infections and treatment with plant-based medicine here.
You can find information about urinary stones, prevention, development, causes and treatment with medication in German here.